as Simon Legree
In Topsy and Eva
| Some film historians estimate that four out of every five films from
the silent era have been lost. Four of the nine silent adaptations of Uncle
Tom's Cabin survive in some form, but so far we haven't been able to find
any of the films listed on this page -- the other silent movies we have
identified in which Uncle Tom's Cabin appears in some role.
Most are"show business pictures," in which the theatrical world of the "Tommers" who toured the country staging Stowe's story in countless cities and little towns every year provides the film's settting, and often the basis of its plot. Whether the number of these films reflects the rivalry between two forms of popular entertainment -- the old traveling troupes vs. the new movie industry, or the easy availability of Tom Show sets and costumes during this period, or some new perspective on Stowe's characters and themes, or some other factor, would be clearer if we could see the films themselves. A common element, though, seems to be treating the material that Stowe and the Tommers sentimentalized and melodramatized with comic or even ironic distance.
Four other silent films that exploit UTC for laughs -- Biograph's 1915 UNCLE TOM'S CABIN TROUPE, the 1925 Edna Marian 2-reeler UNCLE TOM'S GAL, the 1926 Our Gang UNCLE TOM'S UNCLE and 1927 Duncan Sisters' TOPSY AND EVA -- have their own sections in the archive.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Parade (1903)
The Selig Catalog offers this summary of this one-reel film:
Showing a traveling Uncle Tom's Cabin Co. It shows Uncle Tom, Little Eva, Marks and the tallest colored man in the world, together with the blood hounds, donkeys and everything connected with a production of Uncle Tom's Cabin. This picture pleases the children and is very clear. (SOURCE: The Internet Movie Database)Also in 1903, both the Edison and the Lubin Film Companies produced a one-reel Uncle Tom's Cabins, using two different unidentified UTC Company's actors, sets and costumes. There's no indication which troupe Selig filmed. One thing is very clear from the catalogue description -- how circus-like the typical "Tom Show" re-presentation of Stowe's story was.
The Troubles of a Stranded Actor (1909)
The stranded actor was a "Tommer." As trade papers like The Clipper and Billboard often reported, UTC Companies were often stranded out on tour by a lack of funds, but that doesn't seem the situation this comedy exploits. Here's how Harry Birdoff, who could have seen this and the other films he describes in the passages quoted below when they originally played, describes the story of this film: "a Mr. Shakespeare attempted Little Eva, but the unappreciative citizens of Windsor greeted him with over-ripe tomatoes, and ran him out of town. The last seen of him was in Mr. Bug's Sanitarium, where he enacted Little Eva with impunity."*
The Open Road (1913)
This film may have been kinder to the "Tommers" than most early movies that used the "Tom Show" as their setting. According to Birdoff, in it "a millionaire's disinherited son took to the highway and got a job pasting posters for a Tom troupe. Under the influence of the bracing life, he regretted his dissipated youth, and married one of the pretty Tom show actresses."*
The Death of Simon Legree (1915)
According to the Internet Movie Database, the genre to which this film belongs is "Comedy." Harry Birdoff, who writes the title as The Death of Simon Le Gree, describes its plot this way: "a group of barnstorming Tommers hit the town, and Simon Le Gree completely captivated a little country maid who was thrilled when he tossed her a rose from the stage. Her jealous swain, Fatty, obtained a copy of the play, and began rehearsals at the opera house. The whole town turned out for his debut. But Little Eva's ascent to Heaven was ruined when the property man (Billie Ritchie) slipped on the rope hauling her up, and landed on the stage himself, all ending in side-splitting fashion."*
When Do We Eat? (1918)
DIRECTED BY FRED NIBLO
This is another film about a traveling troupe of "Tommers." Perhaps one reason films made so many comedies about struggling "Tom Show" companies was to denigrate their chief competition for small town audiences. It was written by C. Gardner Sullivan, and you can see all we know about it for yourself by reading this favorable VARIETY REVIEW. In addition to the actors Variety cites, the cast included (according to the Internet Movie Database) Robert McKim as "Pug" Hennessy, Frank Hayes as Martin Grubb, and Gertrude Claire and Caroline Rankin in undetermined roles.
Uncle Tom Without a Cabin (1919)
DIRECTED BY EDWARD F. CLINE & RAY HUNT
Produced by Mack Sennett, best known for the Keystone Kops shorts, this film was distributed by Paramount (which the year before had been the distributor for the serious FAMOUS PLAYERS-LASKY PRODUCTION of Uncle Tom's Cabin. The Internet Movie Database provides this cast:
Ben Turpin . . . . . . Uncle Tom
Chester Conklin . . . [unknown]
Marie Prevost . . . . Eliza
Charles Murray . . . as himself
Charles Lynn . . . . . Simon Legree (uncredited)
From the one picture we've found of this film, it seems that Ben Turpin may not have "blacked up" to play Tom, though this also looks like another film about a theatrical troupe, and perhaps he is out of the blackface in this scene. Unfortunately, the two brief newspaper notices of the film -- LOS ANGELES TIMES NOTICE;
NEW YORK TIMES REVIEW -- don't provide any details.