Uncle Tom's Cabin: The National Era Text
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Washington, D.C.: Gamaliel Bailey, 5 June 1851 - 1 April 1852

MAR. 4, 1852


  "No matter with what solemnities he may have been devoted on the altar of slavery, the moment he touches the sacred soil of Britain, the altar and the god sink together in the dust, and he stands redeemed, regenerated, and disenthralled, by the irresistible genius of Universal Emancipation."

  A while we must leave Tom in the hands of his captors, while we turn to pursue the fortunes of George and his wife, whom we left in friendly hands in a farm-house on the road-side.

  Tom Loker we left groaning and tousling in a most immaculately clean Quaker bed, under the motherly supervision of Aunt Dorcas, who found him to the full as tractable a patient as a sick bison.

  Imagine a tall, dignified woman, whose clear muslin cap shades waves of silvery hair, parted on a broad, clear forehead, which overarches thoughtful gray eyes—a snowy handkerchief of lisse crape is folded neatly across her bosom, her glossy brown silk dress rustles peacefully as she glides up and down the chamber.

  "The devil!" says Tom Loker, giving a great throw to the bedclothes.

  "I must request thee, Thomas, not to use such language," says Aunt Dorcas, as she quietly re-arranges the bed.

  "Well, I won't, granny, if I can help it," says Tom; "but it's enough to make a fellow swear—so cursedly hot."

  Dorcas removed a comforter from the bed, straightened the clothes again, and tucked them in, till Tom looked something like a chrysalis, remarking as she did so:

  "I wish, friend, thee would leave off cursing, and think upon thy ways."

  "What the devil should I think of them for?" says Tom. "Last thing ever I want to think of. Oh, dear me!" and Tom flounced over, untucking and deranging everything, in a manner perfectly frightful to behold.

  "That fellow and gal are here, I spose," said he, sullenly.

  "They are so," said Dorcas.

  "They'd better be off, up to the Lake," said Tom. "The quicker the better for them."

  "Probably they will do so," said Dorcas, knitting peacefully.

  "And hark ye," said Tom, "we've got correspondents in Sandusky, that watch the boats for us. I don't care if I tell now. I hope they will get away, just to spite Marks, the cursed puppy! D—n him."

  "Thomas!" said Dorcas.

  "I tell you, granny, if you bottle a fellow up too tight, I shall split," said Tom. "But about the gal, tell 'em to dress her up some way, so's to alter her. Her description's out in Sandusky."

  "We will attend to that matter," said Dorcas, with characteristic composure.

  As we at this place take leave of Tom Loker, we may as well say, that having lain three weeks at the Quaker dwelling, sick with a rheumatic fever, which set in in company with his other afflictions, Tom arose from his bed a somewhat sadder and wiser man; and in place of slave-catching, betook himself to life in one of the new settlements, where his talents soon developed themselves more happily in trapping bears, wolves, and other inhabitants of the forest, in which he made to himself quite a name in the land. Tom always spoke reverently of the Quakers. "Nice people," he would say; "wanted to convert me, but couldn't come it, exactly. But, tell ye what, stranger, they do fix up a sick fellow first-rate—no mistake; make the tallest kind o' broth and sich."

  As Tom had given information that the party to which George and Eliza belonged would be looked for in Sandusky, it was thought prudent to divide them. Jim, with his old mother, were forwarded separately, and a night or two after, George and Eliza, with their child, were driven privately into Sandusky, and lodged beneath a hospitable roof, preparatory to taking their last passage on the Lake.

  Their night was now far spent, and the morning star of liberty rose fair before them.

  Liberty—electric word! What is it? Is there anything more in it than a name—a mere rhetorical flourish? Why, men and women of America, does your heart-blood thrill at that word, for which your fathers bled, and your braver mothers were willing that their noblest and best should die?

  Is there anything in it glorious and dear for a nation, that is not also glorious and dear for a man? What is freedom to a nation, but freedom to each individual in it? What is freedom to that young man, who sits there with his arms folded over his broad chest, the tint of African blood in his cheek, its dark fires in his eye? What is freedom to George Harris? To your fathers, freedom was the right of a nation to be a nation; to him, it is the right of a man to be a man, and not a brute; the right to call the wife of his bosom his own, and to protect her from lawless violence; the right to own, protect, and educate, his child; the right to have a home of his own, a religion of his own, a character of his own, unsubject to the will of another.

  All these thoughts were rolling and seething in George's breast as he sat, pensively leaning his head on his hand, watching his wife as she was adapting to her slender and pretty form the articles of man's attire, in which it was deemed safest she should make her escape.

  "Now for it," said she, as she stood before the glass, and shook down her silky abundance of black, curly hair; "I say, George, it's almost a pity, isn't it?" she said, as she held up some of it, playfully; "pity it's all got to come off."

  George smiled sadly, and made no answer.

  Eliza turned to the glass, and the scissors glittered as one long lock after another was detached from her head.

  "There, now, that'll do," she said, taking up a hair-brush; "now for a few fancy touches."

  "There, aint I a pretty young fellow?" she said, turning round to her husband, laughing and blushing at the same time.

  "You always will be pretty, do what you will," said George.

  "What does make you so sober?" said Eliza, kneeling on one knee, and laying her hand on his. "We are only within twenty-four hours of Canada, they say. Only a day and a night on the Lake, and then—oh then."

  "Oh, Eliza," said George, drawing her towards him, "that is it. Now our fate is all narrowing down to a point. To come so near, to be almost in sight, and then lose all—I should never live under it, Eliza."

  "Don't fear," said his wife, hopefully; "the good Lord would not have brought us so far, if he didn't mean to carry us through. I seem to feel him with us, George."

  "You are a blessed woman, Eliza," said George, clasping her with a convulsive grasp. "But, oh tell me, can this great mercy be for us? Will these years and years of misery come to an end? Shall we be free?"

  "I am sure of it, George," said Eliza, looking upward, while tears of hope and enthusiasm shone on her long, dark lashes. "I feel it in me, that God is going to bring us out of bondage this very day."

  "I will believe you, Eliza," said George, rising suddenly up. "I will believe—come, let's be off. Well, indeed," said he, holding her off at arm's length, and looking admiringly at her, "you are a pretty little fellow, to be sure; that crop of little, short curls is quite becoming. Put on your cap. So—a little to one side. I never saw you look quite so pretty. But it's almost time for the carriage. I wonder if Mrs. Smyth has got Harry rigged."

  The door opened, and a respectable middle-aged woman entered, leading little Harry, dressed in girl's clothes.

  "What a pretty girl he makes!" said Eliza, turning him round. "We are going to call him Harriet, you know; the name will come so nicely."

  The child stood, gravely regarding his mother in her new and strange attire, observing a profound silence, and occasionally drawing deep sighs and peeping at her from under his long curls.

  "Does Harriet know mamma?" said Eliza, stretching her hand towards him. The child hung shyly to the woman.

  "Come, Eliza, why do you try to coax him, when you know that he has got to be kept away from you?"

  "I know it's foolish," said Eliza, "yet I can't bear to have him turn away from me. Where's my cloak? Hem! How is it men put on cloaks, George?"

  "You must wear it so," said her husband, throwing it over his shoulders.

  "So, then," said Eliza, imitating the motion, "and I must stamp, and take long steps, and try to look saucy."

  "Don't exert yourself," said George; "there is now and then a modest young man, and I think it would be easier for you to act that character."

  "These gloves! mercy upon us," said Eliza, "why, my hands are lost in them."

  "I advise you to keep them on pretty strictly," said George; "your little slender paw might bring us all out. Now, Mrs. Smyth, you are to go under our charge, and be our aunty—you mind?"

  "I've heard," said Mrs. Smyth, "that there have been men down, warning all the packet captains against a man and woman with a little boy."

  "They have?" said George; "well, if we see any such people, we can tell them."

  A hack now drove to the door, and the friendly family who had received the fugitives crowded around them with farewell greetings.

  The disguises the party had assumed were in accordance with the hints of Tom Loker. Mrs. Smyth, a respectable woman from the settlement in Canada, whither they were fleeing, being fortunately about crossing the lake to return thither, had consented to appear as the aunt of little Harry, and, in order to attach him to her, he had been allowed to remain the last two days under her sole charge; and an extra amount of petting, joined to an indefinite supply of seed-cakes and candy, had cemented a very close attachment on the part of the young gentleman.

  The hack drove to the wharf, and the two young men (as they appeared) walked up the plank into the boat, Eliza gallantly giving her arm to Mrs. Smyth, and George attending to their baggage.

  George was standing at the Captain's office, settling for his party, when he overheard two men talking by his side.

  "I've watched every one that came on board," said one, "and I know they're not on this boat.

  The voice was that of the clerk of the boat; the speaker whom he addressed was our sometime worthy friend, Marks, who, with that valuable perseverance which characterized him, had come on to Sandusky, seeking whom he might devour.

  "You would scarcely know the woman from a white one," said Marks. "The man is a very light mulatto; he has a brand in one of his hands."

  The hand with which George was taking the change and tickets trembled a little; but he turned coolly round, fixed an unconcerned glance on the face of the speaker, and walked leisurely towards another part of the boat, where Eliza stood waiting for him.

  Mrs. Smyth, with little Harry, sought the seclusion of the ladies' cabin, where the dark beauty of the supposed little girl drew forth many flattering comments from the passengers.

  George had the satisfaction, as the bell rung out its farewell peal, to see Marks walk dejectedly down the plank to the shore, and drew a long breath of relief when the boat had put a returnless distance between them.

  It was a superb day. The blue waves of Lake Erie danced, rippling and sparkling, in the sunlight, a fresh breeze blew from the shore, and the lordly boat ploughed her way right gallantly onward.

  Ah, what an untold world there is in one human heart! Who thought, as George walked calmly up and down the deck of the steamer, with his shy companion at his side, of all that was burning in his bosom. The mighty good that seemed approaching seemed too good, too fair ever to be a reality, and he felt a jealous dread every moment of the day that something would rise to snatch it from him.

  But the boat swept on—hours fleeted—night came down—and morning, bouyant and glorious, looked forth from her gates of gold, as George stood on the deck, with his wife by his side. Then it rose before them, the blessed English shore—shores forever charmed with a holy power, by one touch, to dissolve every incantation of slavery, no matter in what language pronounced or by what unhallowed national compact sealed! Often in dreams of heart-sick desire had they seen those shores, and woke to find them still afar; and now they gazed on them with scarce believing eyes, half fearing that they would fade from their sight.

  But this time it is no dream. The lordly boat swept up to the small town of A——, on the Canadian shore. George's breath grew thick and short—a mist gathered before his eyes—he silently pressed the little, trembling hand that lay on his arm—the bell rung—the boat stopped—scarcely knowing what he did, he looked out his baggage, and gathered his company.

  They are landed; the deed is done; and as the boat swept away, with tears and embracings, the new-made freeman and his wife knelt down, and, with their wondering child in their arms, returned their solemn thanks to God.

"'Twas something like the burst from death to life,
From the grave's casements to the robes of heaven,
From sin's dominion and from passion's strife,
To the pure freedom of a soul forgiven;
When all the bonds of death and hell are riven,
And mortal puts on immortality;
When mercy's hand hath turned the golden key,
And mercy's voice hath said, "Rejoice, thy soul is free."

  The little party were soon guided by Mrs. Smyth to the hospitable abode of a good missionary, whom Christian charity has placed here as a shepherd to the outcast and wandering, who are constantly finding an asylum on this shore.

  Who can speak the blessedness of that first day of freedom? Is not the sense of liberty a higher and finer one than any of the five—to move and speak and breathe, go out and come in unwatched, and free from danger! Who can speak the blessings of that rest which comes down on a freeman's pillow, under laws which protect him, and insure to him the precious rights which God has given him? How fair and precious to that mother was that unconscious child's face, endeared by the memory of a thousand dangers—how impossible was it to sleep in the exuberant possession of such blessedness! And yet these two had not one acre of ground, not a roof to call their own; they had spent their all, to the last dollar; they had nothing more than the fowls of the air or the flowers of the field, and yet they could not sleep for joy. Oh, ye who take freedom from man, with what words shall ye answer for it to God?



"Thanks be unto God, who giveth us the victory."

  Have not many of us in the weary way of life felt in some hours how far easier it were to die than to live?

  The martyr, when faced even by a death of bodily anguish and horror, finds in the very terrors of his doom a strong stimulant and tonic. There is a vivid excitement, a thrill and fervor, which may carry through any crisis of suffering that is the birth-hour of eternal glory and rest.

  But to live—to wear on day after day of mean, bitter, low, harassing servitude—every nerve dampened and depressed—every power of feeling gradually smothered, this long and wasting heart-martyrdom, this slow daily bleeding away of the inward life, drop by drop, hour after hour—this is the true searching test of what there may be in man or woman.

  When Tom stood face to face with his persecutor, and heard his threats, and thought in his very soul that his hour was come, his heart swelled bravely in him, and he thought he could bear torture and fire, bear anything, with the vision of Jesus and heaven but just a step beyond; but when he was gone, and the present excitement passed off, came back the pain of his bruised and weary limbs, came back the sense of his utterly degraded, hopeless, forlorn estate, and the day passed wearily enough.

  Long before his wounds were healed, Legree insisted that he should be put to the regular field work; and then came day after day of pain and weariness, aggravated by every kind of injustice and indignity that the ill-will of a mean and malicious mind could devise. Whoever in our circumstances has made trial of pain, even with all the alleviations which for us usually attend it, must know the irritation that comes with it. Tom no longer wondered at the habitual surliness of his associates; nay, he found the placid, sunny temper which had been the habitude of his life broken in on, and sorely strained and tried by the inroads of the same thing. He had flattered himself in leisure to read his Bible, but there was no such thing as leisure there. In the height of the season, Legree did not hesitate to press all his hands through Sundays and week days alike. Why shouldn't he?—he made more cotton by it, and gained his wager; and if it wore out a few more hands, he could buy better ones. At first, Tom used to read a verse or two of his Bible by the flicker of the fire after he had returned from his daily toil; but after the cruel treatment he received, he used to come home so exhausted that his head swam and his eyes failed when he tried to read, and he was fain to stretch himself down with the others, in utter exhaustion.

  Is it strange that the religious peace and trust which had upborne him hitherto should give way to tossings of soul and despondent darkness? The gloomiest problem of this mysterious life was constantly before his eyes—souls crushed and ruined, evil triumphant, and God silent. It was weeks and months that Tom wrestled in his own soul in darkness and sorrow. He thought of Miss Ophelia's letter to his Kentucky friends, and would pray earnestly that God would send him deliverance; and then he would watch day after day, in vague hope of seeing somebody sent to redeem him; and when nobody came, he would crush back to his soul bitter thoughts—that it was vain to serve God—that God had forgotten him. He sometimes saw Cassy, and sometimes, when summoned to the house, caught a glimpse of the dejected form of Emmeline, but held very little communion with either; in fact, there was no time for him to commune with anybody.

  One evening, he was sitting in utter dejection and prostration by a few decaying brands, where his coarse supper was baking. He put a few bits of brushwood on the fire, and strove to raise the light, and then drew his worn Bible from his pocket. There were all the marked passages which had thrilled his soul so often—words of patriarchs and seers, poets and sages, who from early time had spoken courage to man—voices from the great cloud of witnesses who ever surround us in the race of life. Had the word lost its power, or could the failing eye and weary sense no longer answer to the touch of that mighty inspiration? Heavily sighing, he put it in his pocket. A coarse laugh roused him; he looked up—Legree was standing opposite to him.

  "Well, old boy," he said, "you find your religion don't work, it seems. I thought I should get that through your wool at last."

  The cruel taunt was more than hunger and cold and nakedness. Tom was silent.

  "You were a fool," said Legree, "for I meant to do well by you when I bought you. You might have been better off than Sambo or Quimbo either, and had easy times; and instead of getting cut up and thrashed every day or two, ye might have had liberty to lord it round, and cut up the other niggers; and ye might have had now and then a good warming of whiskey punch. Come, Tom, don't you think you'd better be reasonable—heave that ar old pack of trash in the fire, and join my church."

  "The Lord forbid," said Tom, fervently.

  "You see the Lord aint going to help you; if he had been, he wouldn't have let me get you. This yer religion is all a mess of lying trumpery, Tom. I know all about it; ye'd better hold to me; I'm somebody, and can do something."

  "No, mass'r," said Tom; "I'll hold on. The Lord may help me or not help; but I'll hold to him, and believe him to the last."

  "The more fool you," said Legree, spitting scornfully at him, and spurning him with his foot. "Never mind; I'll chase you down yet, and bring you under—you'll see;" and Legree turned away.

  When a heavy weight presses the soul to the lowest level at which endurance is possible, there is an instant and desperate effort of every physical and moral nerve to throw off the weight; and hence the heaviest anguish often precedes a return tide of joy and courage. So was it now with Tom. The Atheistic taunts of his cruel master sunk his before-dejected soul to the lowest ebb; and though the hand of faith still held to the eternal rock, it was with a numb, despairing grasp. Tom sat like one stunned at the fire; suddenly everything around him seemed to fade, and a vision rose before him of one crowned with thorns, buffeted and bleeding. Tom gazed in awe and wonder at the majestic patience of the face, the deep pathetic eyes thrilled him to his inmost heart, his soul woke, as with floods of emotion he stretched out his hands and fell upon his knees, when gradually the vision changed, the sharp thorns became rays of glory, and in splendor inconceivable he saw that same face bending compassionately towards him, and a voice said, "He that overcometh shall sit down with me on my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father on his throne."

  How long Tom lay there, he knew not; when he came to himself, the fire was gone out, his clothes were wet with the chill and drenching dews—but the dread soul crisis was past, and in the joy that filled him he no longer felt hunger, cold, degradation, disappointment, wretchedness. From his deepest soul, he that hour loosed and parted from every hope in the life that now is, and offered his own will an unquestioning sacrifice to the Infinite. Tom looked up to the silent, ever-living stars—types of the angelic hosts who ever look down on man—and the solitude of the night rung with the triumphant words of a hymn which he had sung often in happier days, but never with such feeling as now:

"The earth shall be dissolved like snow,
The sun shall cease to shine;
But God, who called me here below,
Shall be forever mine.

"And when this mortal life shall fail,
And flesh and sense shall cease,
I shall possess within the veil
A life of joy and peace.

"When we've been there ten thousand years,
Bright shining like the sun,
We've no less days to sing God's praise
Than when we first begun."

  Those who have been familiar with the religious histories of the slave population know that relations like what we have narrated are very common among them. We have heard some from their own lips, of a very touching and affecting character. The psychologist tells us of a state, in which the affections and images of the mind become so dominant and overpowering, that they press into their service the outward senses, and make them give tangible shape to the inward imagining. Who shall measure what an all-pervading Spirit may do with these capabilities of our mortality—or the ways in which He may encourage the desponding souls of the desolate? If the poor forgotten slave believes that Jesus hath appeared and spoken to him, who shall contradict him? Did He not say that his mission in all ages was to bind up the broken-hearted, and set at liberty them that are bruised?

  When the dim gray of dawn woke the slumberers to go forth to the field, there was among those tattered and shivering wretches one who walked with an exultant tread; for firmer than the ground he trod on was his strong faith in Almighty, eternal love. Ah, Legree, try all your forces now. Utmost agony, woe, degradation, want, and loss of all things, shall only hasten on the process by which he shall be made a king and a priest unto God!

  From this time, an inviolable sphere of peace encompassed the lowly heart of the oppressed one, and an ever-present Saviour hallowed it as a temple—past now the bleeding of earthly regrets; past its fluctuations of hope, and fear, and desire; the human will, bent, and bleeding, and struggling long, was now entirely merged in the Divine. So short now seemed the remaining voyage of life; so near, so vivid, seemed eternal blessedness, that life's uttermost woes fell from him unharming.

  All noticed the change in his appearance. Cheerfulness and alertness seemed to return to him, and a quietness which no insult or injury could ruffle seemed to possess him.

  "What the devil's got into Tom?" Legree said to Sambo. "A while ago he was all down in the mouth, and now he's as peart as a cricket."

  "Dunno, mass'r; gwine to run off, mebbe."

  "Like to see him try that," said Legree, with a savage grin, "wouldn't we, Sambo?"

  "Guess we would! Haw, haw, ho!" said the sooty gnome, laughing obsequiously. "Lord, de fun! To see him stickin in de mud! chasing and tarin through de bushes, dogs a holdin on to him! Lord, I laughed fit to split, dat ar time we cotched Molly. I thought they'd a had her all stripped up afore I could get 'em off. She car's de marks o' dat ar spree yet."

  "I reckon she will to her grave," said Legree. "But now, Sambo, you look sharp. If the nigger's got anything of this sort going, trip him up."

  "Mass'r, let me lone for dat," said Sambo. "I'll tree de coon. Ho, ho, ho."

  This was spoken as Legree was getting on to his horse to go to the neighboring town.

  That night, as he was returning, he thought he would turn his horse and ride round the quarters, and see if all was safe.

  It was a superb, moonlight night, and the shadows of the graceful China trees lay minutely penciled on the turf below, and there was that transparent stillness in the air which it seems almost unholy to disturb. Legree was at a little distance from the quarters, when he heard the voice of some one singing. It was not a usual sound there, and he paused to listen. A musical tenor voice sung—

"When I can read my title clear
To mansions in the skies,
I'll bid farewell to every fear,
And wipe my weeping eyes.

"Should earth against my soul engage,
And hellish darts be hurled,
Then I can smile at Satan's rage,
And face a frowning world.

"Let cares like a wild deluge come,
And storms of sorrow fall,
May I but safely reach my home,
My God, my Heaven, my all."

  "So ho," said Legree to himself, "he thinks so, does he? How I hate these cursed Methodist hymns! Here, you nigger," said he, coming suddenly out upon Tom, and raising his riding whip, "how dare you be gettin up this yer row when you ought to be in bed? Shut yer old black gash, and get along in with you."

  "Yes, mass'r," said Tom, with ready cheerfulness, as he rose to go in.

  Legree was provoked beyond measure by Tom's evident happiness; and, riding up to him, belabored him over his head and shoulders.

  "There, you dog," he said, "see if you'll feel so comfortable after that."

  But the blows fell now only on the outer man, and not, as before, on the heart. Tom stood perfectly submissive; and yet Legree could not hide from himself that his power over his bond thrall was somehow gone. And as Tom disappeared in his cabin, and he wheeled his horse suddenly round, there passed through his mind one of those vivid flashes that often send the lightning of conscience across the dark and wicked soul. He understood full well that it was GOD who was standing between him and his victim, and he blasphemed him. That submissive and silent man, whom taunts, nor threats, nor stripes, nor cruelties, could disturb, roused a voice within him, such as of old his Master roused in the demoniac soul, saying, "What have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth; art thou come to torment us before the time?"

  Tom's whole soul overflowed with compassion and sympathy for the poor wretches by whom he was surrounded. To him it seemed as if his life-sorrows were now over, and as if out of that strange treasury of peace and joy, with which he had been endowed from above, he longed to pour out something for the relief of their woes. It is true, opportunities were scanty; but on the way to the fields and back again, and during the hours of labor, chances fell in his way of extending a helping hand to the weary, the disheartened, and discouraged. The poor, worn-down, brutalized creatures at first could scarce comprehend this; but when it was continued week after week, and month after month, it began to awaken long-silent chords in their benumbed hearts. Gradually and imperceptibly the strange, silent, patient man, who was ready to bear every one's burden, and sought help from none, who stood aside for all, and came last and took least, yet was foremost to share his little all with any who needed—the man who in cold nights would give up his tattered blanket to add to the comfort of some woman who shivered with sickness, and who filled the baskets of the weaker ones in the field, at the terrible risk of coming short in his own measure, and who, though pursued with unrelenting cruelty by their common tyrant, never joined in uttering a word of reviling or cursing—this man at last began to have a strange power over them; and when the more pressing season was past, and they were allowed again their Sundays for their own use, many would gather together to hear from him of Jesus. They would gladly have met to hear, and pray, and sing, in some place together; but Legree would not permit it, and more than once broke up such attempts, with oaths and brutal execrations; so that the blessed news had to circulate from individual to individual. Yet who can speak the simple joy with which some of those poor outcasts, to whom life was a joyless journey to a dark unknown, heard of a compassionate Redeemer and a heavenly home. It is the statement of missionaries, that of all races of the earth, none have received the Gospel with such eager docility as the African. The principle of reliance and unquestioning faith, which is its foundation, is more a native element in this race than any other; and it has often been found among them, that a stray seed of truth, borne on some breeze of accident into hearts the most ignorant, has sprung up into fruit, whose abundance has shamed those of higher and more skilful culture.

  The poor mulatto woman, whose simple faith had been well-nigh crushed and overwhelmed by the avalanche of cruelty and wrong which had fallen upon her, felt her soul raised up by the hymns and passages of Holy Writ which this lowly missionary breathed into her ear in intervals, as they were going to and returning from work; and even the half-crazed and wandering mind of Cassy was soothed and calmed by his simple and unobtrusive influences.

  Stung to madness and despair by the crushing agonies of a life, Cassy had often resolved in her soul an hour of retribution, when her hand should avenge on her oppressor all the injustice and cruelty to which she had been witness, or which she had in her own person suffered.

  One night, after all in Tom's cabin were sunk in sleep, he was suddenly aroused by seeing her face at the hole between the logs that served for a window. She made a silent gesture for him to come out.

  Tom came out the door. It was between one and two o'clock at night—broad, calm, still moonlight. Tom remarked, as the light of the moon fell upon Cassy's large black eyes, that there was a wild and peculiar glare in them, unlike their wonted fixed despair.

  "Come here, Father Tom," she said, laying her small hand on his wrist, and drawing forward with a force as if the hand were of steel; "come here—I've news for you."

  "What, misse Cassy?" said Tom, anxiously.

  "Tom, wouldn't you like your liberty?"

  "I shall have it, misse, in God's time," said Tom.

  "Aye, but you may have it to-night," said Cassy, with a flash of sudden energy. "Come on."

  Tom hesitated.

  "Come!" said she, in a whisper, fixing her black eyes on him. "Come along. He's asleep—sound. I put enough into his brandy to keep him so. I wish I'd had more—I shouldn't have wanted you. But come—the back door is unlocked; there's an axe there—I put it there—his room door is open; I'll show you the way. I'd a done it myself, only my arms are so weak. Come along."

  "Not for ten thousand worlds, misse," said Tom, firmly, stopping and holding her back as she was pressing forward.

  "But think of all these poor creatures," said Cassy. "We might set them all free, and go somewhere in the swamps, and find an island and live by ourselves—I've heard of its being done. Any life is better than this."

  "No!" said Tom, firmly. "No! Good never comes of wickedness. I'd sooner chop my right hand off."

  "Then I shall do it," said Cassy, turning.

  "Oh, misse Cassy," said Tom, throwing himself before her, "for the dear Lord's sake that died for ye, don't sell your precious soul to the Devil that way. Nothing but evil will come of it. The Lord hasn't called us to wrath. We must suffer, and wait his time."

  "Wait!" said Cassy. "Haven't I waited—waited till my head is dizzy and my heart sick? What has he made me suffer! What has he made hundreds of poor creatures suffer! Isn't he wringing the life blood out of you! I'm called on—they call me. His time's come, and I'll have his heart's blood."

  "No, no, no!" said Tom, holding her small hands, which were clenched with spasmodic violence. "No, ye poor lost soul, that ye mustn't do. The dear, blessed Lord never shed no blood but his own, and that he poured out for us when we was enemies. Lord help us to follow his steps, and love our enemies."

  "Love!" said Cassy, with a fierce glare—love such enemies! It isn't in flesh and blood."

  "No, misse, it isn't," said Tom, looking up; "but He gives it to us, and that's the victory. When we can love and pray over all and through all the battles past, and the victory's come—glory be to God!" and with streaming eyes and choking voice the black man looked up to Heaven.

  And this, oh Africa, latest called of nations—called to the crown of thorns, the scourge, the bloody sweat, the cross of agony—this is to be thy victory—by this shalt thou reign with Christ, when his Kingdom shall come.

  The deep fervor of Tom's feelings, the softness of his voice, his tears, fell like dew on the wild, unsettled spirit of the poor woman; a softness gathered over the lurid fires of her eye, she looked down, and Tom could feel the relaxing muscles of her hands, as she said—

  "Didn't I tell you that evil spirits followed me? Oh! Father Tom, I can't pray—I wish I could. I never have prayed since my children were sold! What you say must be right, I know it must; but when I try to pray, I can only hate and curse. I can't pray!"

  "Poor soul!" said Tom, compassionately. "Satan desires to have ye, and sift ye as wheat. I pray the Lord for ye. Oh! misse Cassy, turn to the dear Lord Jesus. He came to bind up the broken-hearted, and comfort all that mourn."

  Cassy stood silent, while large, heavy tears dropped from her downcast eyes.

  "Misse Cassy," said Tom, in a hesitating tone, after surveying her a moment in silence, "if ye only could get away from here—if the thing was possible—I'd 'vise ye and Emmeline to do it; that is, if ye could go without blood-guiltiness
—not otherwise."

  "Would you try it with us, Father Tom?"

  "No," said Tom; "time was when I would; but the Lord's given me a work among these yer poor souls; and I'll stay with em and bear my cross with em till the end. It's different with you—it's a snare to you—it's more'n you can stand, and you'd better go, if you can."

  "I know no way but through the grave," said Cassy. "There's no beast or bird, but can find a home somewhere; even the snakes and the alligators have their places to lie down and be quiet—but there's no place for us. Down in the darkest swamps, their dogs will hunt us out, and find us. Everybody and everything is against us—even the very beasts side against us—and where shall we go?"

  Tom stood silent; at length he said—

  "Him that saved Daniel in the den of lions, that saved the children in the fiery furnace—Him that walked on the sea, and bade the winds be still—He's alive yet—and I've faith to believe he can deliver you. Try it, and I'll pray with all my might for you."

  By what strange law of mind is it that an idea, long overlooked and trodden under foot as a useless stone, suddenly sparkles out in new light, as a discovered diamond?

  Cassy had often revolved for hours all possible or probable schemes of escape, and dismissed them all, as hopeless and impracticable; but at this moment there flashed through her mind a plan, so simple and feasible in all its details as to awaken an instant hope.

  "Father Tom, I'll try it!" she said, suddenly.

  "Amen!" said Tom, "the Lord help ye!"